Any point lying outside the control limits
This is the quickest and easiest test for system stability. Look above the upper control limit and below the lower control limit to see whether any points fall in those regions of the chart. If you are looking at a chart pair (X-bar and R, X-bar and s, or X and MR), look at both charts.
Points falling outside the control limits may be the result of a special cause that was corrected quickly, either intentionally or unintentionally. It may also point to an intermittent problem. The chart below shows two points outside the control limits.
>> Analyze for special causes of variation
>> Any point lying outside the control limits
>> 7 or more points in a row above or below the center line
>> 7 or more points in one direction
>> Any nonrandom pattern