What is it?
An individuals and moving range (X-MR) chart is a pair of control charts for processes with a subgroup size of one. Used to determine if a process is stable and predictable, it creates a picture of how the system changes over time. The individual (X) chart displays individual measurements. The moving range (MR) chart shows variability between one data point and the next. Individuals and moving range charts are also used to monitor the effects of process improvement theories.
What does it look like?
The individuals chart, on top, shows each reading. It is used to analyze central location. The moving range chart, on the bottom, shows the difference between consecutive readings. It is used to study system variability.